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momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
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The December “agreement on climate change will also be an agreement on food”



Frédéric Hénin, Editor in Chief, Terre-net


Article published in Terre-net Média



According to French President François Hollande, the agreement aimed at limiting global warming to be held late 2015, should also be aimed at strengthening food security across the world.

Climate has become a peace treaty! But limiting global warming to 2°C by the year 2100 will require a comprehensive political, economic and environmental strategy that involves all countries of the world around one single issue: a 40% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. It is this objective that should drive the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference (Cop21 / Cmp11), or “Paris 2015” to be held from 30th November to 11th December 2015 in Paris. According to François Hollande, who closed the international forum “Agriculture and Climate Change” jointly organized by the FNSEA and the Ministries of Agriculture and Foreign Affairs on 20th February 2015, the agreement will help countries adapt to climate change by adding a programmatic component. It is out of the question that the next World Conference results in a list of good intentions based on restrictive measures. However, it will be up to each State to know which contributions they will have to make to achieve the climate target.

For everything agriculture related, farmers will have to be converted to agro-ecology by adopting new technologies to produce more and better, not excluding the use of biotechnology, said President Hollande.

For developing countries and their 2.7 billion small farmers, such an agreement would be an opportunity to develop their agricultural modernization programs by adopting new agricultural practices that are both ecological and intensive to increase their yields. It is out of the question that a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) threatens global food security and the poorest farmers who are already victims of climate change but are not responsible for it. This was the main message conveyed by President Hollande in his closing speech.


AGRICULTURE WILL BE ONE OF THE SOLUTIONS

Agriculture throughout the world will be mobilized to address two key challenges: carbon storage and improved production to feed up to 11 billion people by 2100. If there is no commitment made in this direction in order to achieve this, failure is inevitable.

To finance this “new green revolution”, the next climate agreement will include a financial element with the creation of a fund. Between 170 and 350 billion euros will be needed for the agro-ecological transition of the most fragile countries.

In France, the legislation for the future of agriculture is already preparing farmers for the agro-ecological transition, according to Stéphane Le Foll, Minister of Agriculture. For the FNSEA, the next climate agreement will enforce a new direction for the CAP with insurance subsidies and new support mechanisms in favour of accountability and innovation and against constraints and repressive measures. Agro-ecology will promote technological and financial innovation.

According to François Hollande, the dual climate and food challenge for global agriculture is based on four strategies.


GENETIC RESEARCH IS ONE FIELD TO EXPLORE

This would encourage the circular economy (anaerobic digestion, organic fertilizer management) and soil carbon (simplified crop techniques).

The French President is also banking on precision farming using robotics and digital technology.

Genetic research is the fourth field to explore in order to increase yields and produce more by reducing the carbon footprint. Hollande still rejects first generation GMOs but “research will need to improve because all innovation is necessary”, he said.

In the short term, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions rests on the development of short supply chains based on the decline in artificial soil environments and on trade rules to limit price volatility for example.


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Paris, 18 December 2018