A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
Focus on issues

Food and nutrition security as top development goal

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Multi-stakeholder consultations on the world development agenda beyond 2015 were held in Rome on March 18, 2012 and gathered some 180 government, international organization, civil society and private sector partners of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS). Jointly managed by the FAO and the World Food Program (WFP) and in close cooperation with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Biodiversity International as well as the governments of Spain and Colombia, the consultation process intends to determine new sustainable goals in the post-2015 agenda. We highly recommend the report on these consultations that is available on the FAO website1. They highlight the key role of food and nutrition security as “cornerstones of progress in other development fields, especially employment, education, the environment and healthcare”. Participants to the consultations advocated a global approach to address food security concerns. At a time when the various food security issues and factors––agricultural development, environmental concerns, the economic, social political and geopolitical stability of nations as well as trade and market financialization––have seldom been so strongly linked, such global approach is indeed crucial. While the FAO reform and the implementation of the CFS represent significant achievements in this area, we must go further and implement a genuine global agricultural and food governance system that includes all activities linked to food security, and coordinates the various concerned public policies at the international level. Specifically, the objective of such governance system must include the implementation of regulation mechanisms for agricultural markets, so that agricultural prices and incomes can be sustainably stabilized––the sine qua non condition to the long-term improvement of food security in all parts of the world.

momagri Editorial Board

A global multi-stakeholder consultation to discuss the world development agenda beyond 2015 has called for food security and nutrition to be the central element in future development efforts. New development objectives should be established for the entire global community.

The one-day consultation on Hunger, Food Security and Nutrition in the Post-2015 Development Agenda stressed that food security and nutrition represent the cornerstone for progress on other development fronts such as employment, education, the environment and health and in achieving a quality future for humankind.

The meeting, on Monday, brought together some 180 government, international organization, civil society and private sector stakeholders of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS), the foremost inclusive platform to discuss food security and nutrition-related issues. The consultation process is being co-led by FAO and the World Food Programme, in close collaboration with IFAD and Bioversity International, with the Governments of Spain and Colombia also playing a lead role.

This meeting was preceded by an on-line consultation and will be followed by a high level consultation in Madrid on April 4th, co-hosted by Spain and Colombia.

The results of the consultation will help shape the new sustainable development goals in the post-2015 agenda.

The Rome meeting emphasized that sustainable development goals should strongly complement poverty eradication efforts when it comes to food security and nutrition. Furthermore, new development objectives should be agreed upon not just for developing countries but for the global community as a whole. For example, universal targets on eliminating malnutrition in all its forms (not just undernutrition, but also obesity) should be set for both rich and poor countries.

Hunger eradication

Opening the meeting, FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva urged the international community to commit to the complete eradication of hunger in setting its development priorities beyond 2015 - the target date for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted in 2000.

"In line with the UN Secretary-General's Zero Hunger Challenge, and in close collaboration with our development partners, we agree that nothing less than the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition is what we should be striving for," he told the consultation.

Hunger was an integral part of the first of eight MDGs and one of the targets was halving the proportion of hungry people in the world by 2015. Some 50 countries are on track to achieve this target, he noted.

Amir Abdulla, Deputy Executive-Director of WFP, urged nations "to continue to strive together to make hunger the world's number one solvable problem".

Carlos Serè, Chief Development Strategist of IFAD, emphasized that "investing in the sustainable development of rural areas and in inclusive rural growth," with a focus on smallholder agriculture, is critical for global food security and to the whole post-2015 agenda.

Building blocks

A strong consensus emerged during the consultation that a focus on nutrition should be included in the post-2015 development agenda and that nutrition was by and large missed out in the MDG process. The different dimensions of under-nutrition and the fast-growing problems of obesity and related non-communicable diseases should also be dealt with.

A broad-based approach to addressing food security concerns was strongly advocated, with sustainability and on a sustainable transformation of food systems at all levels as key for global food security.

Specifically, the need for food availability to keep pace with the projected rapid growth in global demand for food was emphasized, including through fisheries, forests and livestock, and with specific recognition of the role of smallholder agriculture. Part of the response requires continued increases in productivity - in ways that are sustainable, equitable and resilient as well as a reduction of food losses and waste within production and consumption systems.

Responsible investment in agriculture is needed, including to make agricultural production more resilient to the effects of climate change and to economic and political shocks, while support to the agricultural sector should include targeted support to small producers. Some suggested a specific target for gender equality and women's empowerment in agriculture, food security and nutrition.

Rights-based approaches

There was a strong call that rights-based approaches should guide the formulation of the post-2015 Development Goals, while inclusive governance should guide their implementation. A distinguishing characteristic of the food security and nutrition theme is that there is already significant intergovernmental and multi-stakeholder consensus around major principles and guidelines to build upon.

1 http://www.fao.org/news/story/fr/item/169885/icode/
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Paris, 20 June 2019