A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
Focus on issues

Balancing food security and preservation of the planet for future generations



Positive economy forum



“We do not inherit the earth from our parents, we borrow it from our children.” It is with this in mind that today’s generations must work to preserve our agriculture and our food security. While the world population will count nine billion people in 2050, and the global food demand will increase by 35 percent between now and 2030, it has never been more urgent to produce more, and more importantly to produce better.

As we face the current challenges relating to climate conditions, the intrinsic volatility of markets and their growing financialization, how can we support agriculture by improving the resilience of farmers at a time when the risk of new food crises is increasingly more imposing?

To address these issues, over 200 experts met between September 16 and 18 during the 4th Edition of the Positive Economy Forum in Le Havre, under the chairmanship of Jacques Attali and in preparation to the COP21 Conference, to generate concrete and far-reaching proposals to further the positive world we want for future generations. We are publishing below some excerpts from the collective report
1 issued by the Forum.

The document recommends to protect food by placing it at the core of international and bilateral negotiations. As the report indicates, markets do not self regulate and it is thus crucial to administer agriculture as a global public good, since it is of indeniable key strategic relevance for the future of mankind. As a result, agriculture and international agricultural trade demand their own regulation procedures. As stated by Jacques Carles, Executive Vice President of momagri, “A global public good really becomes so only when the conditions for international cooperation have been created to manage it with the appropriate tools.”


momagri Editorial Board



Excerpts from the introduction

Meeting the food needs of the world’s 8.3 billion people in 2030 is a key concern for the positive economy. Food inequality is a major challenge, since over a billion people across the world are still suffering from malnutrition. In most cases, poor people cannot feed themselves not because of a lack of available food––even though global warming might present a risk of shortage of some commodities––but because of nonexistent or inadequate revenues.

Because duress spurs innovation, the issue of how to feed close to nine billion people requires new ways of producing and consuming, of working together and interfacing with others to face up to this global problem. Redesigning agricultural policies, preserving natural resources and curbing the impact of our consumption patterns on public health must involve altruistic behaviors.

By 2030, the global demand for food will thus increase by 35 percent. To address this challenge, we must produce more and more importantly produce better.
(…)

One of the proposals

Protecting food by placing it at the core of international (WTO and COP21) and bilateral (TAFTA and EPA) negociations.
  • Food is not a commercial product like any other. The food exception must be recognized, because agricultural markets do not self regulate. In a situation of stable short-term food demand, agricultural output and prices fluctuate dramatically due to climate conditions, geographical features, speculation and financialization.
  • To safeguard the food security for everyone and preserve the environment, food products must be exempted from trade agreements, as it was the case in the GATT period until 1995: No limitations on customs duties but a ban on subsidies that benefit exports, and a reorientation of agricultural policies––including the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)––toward remunerative prices rather than subsidies, which the poor countries cannot afford.
  • If nothing is done, Western Africa, for instance, will lose €56 billion in combined customs revenues between 2020 and 2035 should the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) be implemented with the European Union, without any compensation by the European Development Fund (EDF). Consequently, France should not ratify the EPA with Western Africa if ever the European Parliament would ratify it.
  • Likewise, France should support the current drafting of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, which includes the right to farmers’ seeds as one of its fundamental elements.
(…)


1 The complete text of the report “Build in 2030 a Positive World for the Future Generations” is available from:
http://positiveeconomy.co/fr/construire-un-monde-positif-a-lhorizon-2030/



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Paris, 14 December 2018