A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
Banque mondiale Joseph Stiglitz

International governance and regulation of agriculture:
Central themes for the 2nd Dakar Agricole Forum

Jacques Carles, Executive Vice President of momagri,

Article published in La Lettre Diplomatique n° 89, first quarter 2010

Since the food crisis in 2008, which caused "hunger riots" in many countries across the globe there have been few structural measures set up to deal with instability in agricultural markets. While more than one billion people go hungry worldwide, nearly 2 billion (mostly farmers) live below the poverty line and the threat of another food crisis is looming, the President of Senegal, Abdoulaye Wade wants to mobilize the international community into implementing the policies urgently needed worldwide.

To do so, he has asked momagri to organise the second Dakar agricole forum, which will reunite several heads of state, ministers, experts, leaders of agricultural organizations, NGOs, researchers, etc... It will be held in 2011.

The objectives and themes of this second international meeting are presented below in an article taken from a special issue of La Lettre Diplomatique April 2010, published to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the independence of Senegal.

The momagri editorial team

The first Dakar agricole forum was held on 4 - 5 February 2005 in Dakar. It was attended by many heads of state with more than 800 participants, ministers of agriculture and trade, researchers and academics, international organizations, representatives of civil society, NGOs, multinational corporations and professional agricultural bodies.

The forum’s first theme, "The Global Agricultural Divide" dealt with various concepts and solutions in a particularly rich environment of exchange.

Since then, the food crisis is still rife, exacerbated by the volatility of agricultural commodity prices and a financial crisis of extraordinary dimensions. There have been many international meetings organized to deal with these situations made all the more catastrophic because of high population growth and increasing climate change.

The G20 summit addressed food security for the first time in July 2009. A meeting attended by several heads of state was also held on the same theme at the FAO (UN for Food and Agriculture) on 16 November 2009. The Copenhagen summit on climate change ended 20 December 2009. Despite high hopes, there have been few concrete results.

This is why the second forum to be held in 2011, in Dakar on the initiative of President Abdoulaye Wade will strive to build the future by planning decisive action in agriculture, environmental conservation and development.

In practical terms, it will convey the commitments made by the numerous heads of state who will be attending, to create a new sphere in international cooperation, which can no longer rely on negotiations that fail, despite obvious urgency.

Because improving food security, combating speculation and massive land purchase, as well as supporting agriculture throughout the world in a context of climate change is becoming an imperative that should transcend national interest.

This second Dakar agricole forum will take place two weeks before the G20 Seoul Summit and President Abdoulaye Wade will make new proposals aimed at answering fundamental questions grouped around three themes:
    - Under which principles is it possible to regulate agricultural markets in order to prevent agricultural and food crises and provide farmers with more visibility?

    - Which tools for management and international cooperation should be implemented to improve food security and combat poverty?

    - On what grounds should new global governance be created to make agriculture, food and environmental conservation a priority?
Momagri (World organization for agriculture) will be responsible for preparing the event under the coordination of Ms. Fatou Gaye Sarr, Senegal's Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries, with the support of Mr. Stéphane Volant and Mr. Michael Katz - who initiated the first Dakar Agricole.

Momagri has worked for many years providing answers to the three questions which will structure the deliberations during the second Dakar agricole and has built management instruments (economic model, rating agency) which open up a new field in global governance.

It is in this capacity that momagri, the decision making body for ideas and expertise, will be responsible for developing the working theme, will participate in the selection of the speakers and will contribute to communicating the event.

We believe that this second Dakar agricole will constitute a crucial step in the search for a new international balance in agriculture around the globe, the combat against poverty, food security and environmental conservation. These themes are closely linked and it is time to treat them all with determination and pragmatism by disregarding ideological concepts.

Article published in La Lettre Diplomatique n° 89, first quarter 2010

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Paris, 26 June 2019