A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
Terre-net
  Editorial  
 

European Parliament: Members elect the President of the European Commission



Frédéric Hénin, Editor in Chief of Terre-net


Article published in Terre-net Média



The European Parliament plays a key role in agriculture through the CAP and the European budget. With the election of European Parliament Members (MEPs) on May 25, 2014, Terre-net takes stock of the organization and its work.

Out of the 751 European Parliament seats to be filled, France will fill 74 of them. The French candidates are spread out in eight inter-regional districts: North West, West, East, Massif Central-Centre, South West, South East, Ile-de-France and Overseas.

The election is to be held using the list system on the basis of proportional representation, following the rule of the highest average. The seats earmarked to each district are distributed among the lists winning at least five percent of the votes cast, a required––yet not in itself sufficient––since today’s districts account for three to up to five elected members.

As far as the Europe Union is concerned, the outcome of the May 25 election will result in the election of the President of the European Parliament, as well as, for the first time, the election of the President of the European Commission.

Up to now, the Commission’s President was named by the Council of the Heads of States and of Governments by qualified majority, before getting approval by the Parliament by simple majority. From now on, the election of the President of the Commission will be held in several stages.

First, the newly elected European Parliament Members (MEPs) must form parliamentary groups and elect their president.

The election of the President of the European Parliament will be held between July 1 and 3, 2014. Then, MEPs will agree among themselves to nominate their candidate to preside the European Commission.


Blank votes to be taken in consideration

From April 1 onwards, the blank votes will be counted separately from invalid votes and reported as such in the electoral record. Yet, the number of blank votes does not determine the number of votes cast, but is mentioned in the election results.

This amendment submitted to the National Assembly cancels the provision that allowed taking into account the number of blank votes to determine the number of votes cast.

However, the European Council will officially nominate the candidate to the Commission’s presidency, but it will make sure that such candidate can be elected by MEPs. Consequently, there is every reason to believe that the Council’s official candidate will be the one nominated by the European Parliament, since the members will previously agree among themselves that the designated candidate is elected.

For all the above-mentioned reasons, one can easily understand that he May 25 election will influence the Commission’s policy for the next five years. And the future president will be assisted by 27 commissioners appointed next September to implement that policy.

Before that, just as it occurs in France during presidential campaigns, televised debates between candidates to the Commission’s presidency will translated and aired in the various European nations.


Role of the European Commission

It guarantees the general interest, while members of the European Parliament are representing their electorate. Its key function is to issue proposals––legislation or ruling for instance––and implement the European Union policies.


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Paris, 11 December 2018