A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
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The G20 Agriculture is stalled on the progress made in 2011 and is not considering the G20 Finance’s stance on commodities

June 13, 2016

The meeting of G20 Ministers of Agriculture was held this year on 3rd June in Xi'an, China. Innovation, improved governance and contribution to the UN’s 2030 Agenda for sustainable development were the main themes.

The event gave way to the first forum for G20 agricultural entrepreneurs which was held the day before the conference, giving plenty of room to the private sector with regards the development of agriculture, without however clearly explaining responsibility in terms of food security that could fall to investors and international trading companies. The final communiqué merely addressed the efforts made by these actors.

The final communiqué of the G20 Agriculture1 principally developed the themes cherished at major international gatherings, such as the resilience of farmers to shocks or innovative and sustainable agriculture in the fight against food insecurity. Stéphane le Foll meanwhile defended “a proactive approach to mitigate climate change, not simply adapting to it2”.

Finally, and despite some interesting statements, the outcome was weak. Because as essential as the issues addressed by the G20 agriculture are, the challenges relating to the instability of agricultural markets were not addressed. Worse, in line with the OECD conference and the G7, the financial sector is presented as the solution to the major ills of small farmers. The final communiqué calls for and promotes risk management instruments via products, services, loans or insurance based on the “financial inclusion” of farmers.

Concerning volatility, the final communiqué simply recalled that which was implemented in 2011 ... i.e. the AMIS (Agricultural Markets Information System) platform, the Rapid Response Forum, GEOGLAM initiative (Group on Earth Observations - Global Agriculture Monitoring) which aims at improving agricultural production estimates by mobilizing satellite observations of the Earth, or the platform for agricultural risk management (PARM). Beyond recalling past actions, it reported no new initiatives and particularly did not mention the current agricultural crisis which is presently hitting many G20 countries.

Yet again, only the Americans distinguished themselves. The Assistant Deputy Secretary of Agriculture, Jonathan Cordone, reiterated the importance of data sharing, because agriculture is a global public good, for which “short-term interests can not compete with long-term goals3”. Without erring on the side of Atlanticism, this assertion is further evidence that the agricultural sector remains more strategic than ever for Americans.

As for Commissioner Hogan, though in his speech he referred to “smart regulation” and reminded us that the European Union “believes in the importance of a strong agricultural policy”, however in view of the global dairy crisis, one of the causes of which was the release without a safeguard of the production potential of the European dairy sector, to confirm that the latest reform led to the CAP in accordance with international markets is appalling (“we have reformed our Common Agricultural Policy to be in tune with international markets”)4.

Finally, since the progress of the L'Aquila Summit (Italy) in 2009, or those of the G20 agriculture of 2011 we are currently at a standstill.

Strangely, it was the meeting of G20 finance ministers and central bank governors which was held in Washington on 14 - 15 April 2016 that raised the main substantive issues. They emphasized the challenges resulting from “modest and unbalanced growth, downside risks and uncertainty on the global outlook in a continuing context of financial volatility” , before noting that “excessive volatility and disorderly movements in exchange rates may have a negative impact on economic and financial stability” 6.

As many risks relating primarily to agricultural markets, but which have not been taken into account by the G20 agriculture. How can this division between ministerial conferences be explained? This meeting was supposed to be about cooperation with all countries reinforcing their agricultural policies, when will we escape the current fool's game and actually enact the need to lay the foundations for a new global governance for agriculture?

1 http://www.g20.utoronto.ca/2016/160603-agriculture.pdf
2 http://agriculture.gouv.fr/g20-agricole-en-chine-stephane-le-foll-defend-une-approche-volontariste-(...)
3 https://www.ifad.org/stories
4 https://ec.europa.eu/commission/2014-2019/hogan/announcements/speech-commissioner-phil-hogan-g20-(...)_en
5 Final Communiqué G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors Meeting

6 Ibidem

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Paris, 20 June 2019