A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

The BRICS and food security: New tectonics for geopolitical plates

November 11, 2013

The BRICS countries––Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa––met in Pretoria, South Africa, on October 29, 2013 for the Third Meeting of Agriculture Ministers on food security. Even while there are real concerns about their economic and financial situation as a result of an economic slowdown and a massive capital flight due to the American Federal Reserve’s plan to lower its bond purchases, the BRICS still remain key players in the global agricultural and food security arenas.

During the meeting, the BRICS noted that food security is a major challenge burdened by the considerable threat generated by climate change and agricultural price volatility. Hence, they think it is important to implement more regulation in agricultural markets and to increase agricultural production and productivity. Following the example of the Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS) initiated by the G20, the BRICS agreed to pursue the implementation of the Basic Agricultural Information Exchange System of the BRICS group, and more broadly to carry on agricultural research and development based on strengthened cooperation between all nations in the zone, with the additional goal to assist less-developed countries (LDCs).

Each decision by nearly all these countries plays a catalyst role in agricultural markets, since they have raised agriculture as key strategic issue––Brazil has disturbed the global meat market, Russia can create a market panic by the sole threat of an embargo, and India is a key leader of the G33 that opposes dismantling farm support at the WTO. The collective power of the group is indeed significant. Yet it represents a power that can be destabilizing, when we see that the BRICS opted for a hazardous balance between the temptation to defend national interests and economic growth in global markets.

Lastly, the conclusions of the Pretoria meeting are similar to those made by the Rome October 7, meeting in the framework of the Committee on World Food Security (CDS), especially regarding the consequences of price volatility on food security. However, the BRICS do not want to be a mere clone of international organizations, such as the IMF or the WTO, which they deem obsolete. They want to establish themselves as instigators of a change in global financial architecture. To this end, the creation of a BRICS development bank is currently underway.

Yet, the future challenge will be avoiding that agriculture and food security become an adjustment variable in case of a standoff between international organizations, and that they are subjected to some of the BRICS nations’ erratic behavior. As long as conditions are met, they can play a constructive role in the fight against hunger and for the stability of agricultural markets.

Page Header
Paris, 20 June 2019