A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

Global food security: The call for a new post-2015 agenda

June 3, 2013

As the expiration date for the Millennium Development Goals is getting closer, the pledge to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger made by many states and organizations is still going unheeded. On May 21, the Chicago Council on Global Affairs held its fourth Symposium on Global Food Security in Washington, DC. The event included many debates during which members of the civil society, researchers, academics and business executives addressed the role of the United States in the fight against global food insecurity.

The virtuous function of agricultural development in fighting poverty was among the Symposium’s main conclusions. This observation is certainly not a new one, but concerns are genuine. Let’s not forget that 42 percent of the world population earns a living from agriculture. The ratio can reach 60 to 70 percent in the poorer countries, and 56 percent of under-nourished people are farmers, who now total 477 million persons1.

A report by Catherine Bertini, Former Executive Director of the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) and by Dan Glickman, Former U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, was released during the Symposium2. According to the its conclusions, the U.S. must improve its food security strategy through four key recommendations, among which making global food security a high priority for its economic and foreign development policy, forging a new science of agriculture based on “sustainable intensification” or promoting a partnership with the private sector.

Consequently, the United States and the international community as a whole will have no other choice than “produce more and better” by 2050 and put back agriculture at the heart of economic development strategies, not only in industrialized countries but in Sub-Saharan African nations as well. Meeting such challenge is all the more difficult in a context of price hyper-volatility, because, as indicates the report, “the issue is not higher food prices but food price volatility”, which is the real bane for global food security. “It is [thus] clear that the agricultural sector is entering a time of great uncertainty.”

In addition, this challenge could not be addressed without a preliminary framework able to curb the intrinsic volatility of agricultural markets. Because only a global agricultural governance system based on a federative force could prevent new food crises, such as the one that occurred in 2008.

1 Please see momagri’s article “More than one in two people suffering from hunger worldwide is a farmer” at http://www.momagri.org/UK/agriculture-s-key-figures/More-than-one-in-two-people-suffering-from-hunger-worldwide-is-a-farmer_1054.html
2 The complete report is available from: http://www.thechicagocouncil.org/UserFiles/File/GlobalAgDevelopment/Report/2013_Advancing_Global_Food_Security.pdf
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Paris, 25 June 2019