A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

Food security in the Gulf

October 29, 2012

An international conference on food security will be held in the Sultanate of Oman between November 6 and 8, and provide an opportunity to address the issue of food security in the Gulf countries.

The Arabian Peninsula nations are importing over 80 percent of the food consumed by their 40 million people. One of the key reasons for this situation is that a scarce water supply restricts agricultural output––limited water resources that are a cause for continuing concerns, and the search for alternatives by leaders of these countries.

The issue of food security in the Gulf became increasingly significant in 2007/08 in a context of rising domestic demand, while food and agricultural commodity prices soared, and when trading partners were considerably curbing exports.

Governments throughout the Gulf Area then tried to expand their food security programs through agricultural subsidies, the implementation of strategic reserves, and agricultural investments overseas through an all-out strategy of leasing or purchasing farmland (including agricultural concessions in Ukraine, Pakistan or Sudan…). Today, such solutions are either challenged or inadequate.

Current tensions are so strong that on September 17, in order to preserve its water supply, Saudi Arabia banned all exports of field crops (potatoes and other vegetables) to its regional partners (United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Qatar), which now fear a dwindling food supply.

Providing long-term food security through pertinent policies is indeed crucial, when prices might experience turnarounds and price hyper-volatility––worsened by cyclical factors such as climate change and epizootic threats––are undermining global balance. In addition, just as Western powers seeking to secure their hydrocarbon supplies from producing nations, such as Gulf countries, the Arabian Gulf states are now becoming aware of the stake presented by agriculture and secure agricultural supply. Agriculture is therefore fast becoming a key geostrategic sector, just as it is the case for the oil sector.
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Paris, 25 June 2019