A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

European Union/Brazil:
On the road towards a free trade partnership

January 5, 2015

Brazil is among the emerging powers whose long-term objective is to become over time an incontestable player in the international arena. Dilma Rousseff’s return to power this past October, following her narrow win for reelection, confirms this position. One of the challenges will involve new free trade agreements, especially with the European Union, at a time when its partnership with Mercosur has been stalled for over a decade.

Bilateral negotiations regarding free trade partnerships between the European Union and nations such as Canada and the United States, or regional entities such as the ECOWAS for Western Africa, have been increasing in the past few years. Brazil also wants to profit from a possible partnership with the EU, with the country’s agriculture and food among the key beneficiaries.

In fact, Brazil relies on agriculture as a power vector, a political and social stabilizing factor and a first rate economic engine. As an incontestable agricultural powerhouse, Brazil accounts for 7.3 percent of global agricultural exports, and ranks third behind the European Union and the United States among agricultural exporting nations.

In addition, Brazil has become a major producer and exporter of beef and poultry during the 2000s. This has motivated Brazilian processing firms to set up operations in various areas of the world.

While Brazil is calling for the swift implementation of a partnership with the EU––a EU-Brazil summit will be held in 2015––what would be the actual profits for Europe, especially regarding its agricultural activities? Can we “overlay” the European agricultural model on the Brazilian model, at a time when there are frictions between agricultural policies within the Union itself?

If the European Union remains a first-rate agricultural power, its choices on agricultural policy issues are revealing a growing disinvestment in agriculture––a behavior that is symptomatic of a Europe lacking both strategy and ambition. In fact, it opted to dismantle the mechanisms that are nevertheless imperative in the current volatile and unstable context.

Yet, our SGPAA (Global Support to Agricultural and Food Production) indicator shows that between 2008 and 2012, Brazilian global support to its national agriculture increased to $38 billon from €31billion––a 20 percent rise. On the contrary, European support declined by six percent during the same period.

In this unbalanced pattern, the strategic choices made by the “world farm” are precisely those that could prove detrimental to the European Union in its negotiations for a free trade agreement, in so far as there is a genuine risk to destabilize European agriculture, especially regarding beef, poultry and pork activities.

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Paris, 25 June 2019