A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

Brazil, the world leader in soybeans in 2013

February 11, 2013

The soybean harvest in Brazil should make some happy people. Brazil’s Ministry of Agriculture estimates it at 82 million tonnes of oilseeds in 2013, largely outpacing the United States, which suffered the devastating effects of the worst drought seen in the country for 50 years. Brazil, which suffered from drought during the 2011/2012 campaign in the south and the north-east, can count on better weather conditions.

The global market welcomed the news with relief because of the bad soybean crop in the United States. This forecast also delighted breeders, particularly Chinese, because soybeans represent 80% of the meal used in large quantities in China.

North and South America have wagered on the development of soybean production, and the bet has paid off. The underlying trend was accentuated as soybeans gained importance for use as food, whether as animal feed, especially in developing households such as China, or non-food with the development of the biofuels sector as an alternative to fossil fuel.

This evolution reflects the underlying strategy of the American continent, north and south, to implement active policies and innovative support for the agricultural sector including the stimulation or even the creation of food and non-food opportunities. The latest estimates by momagri using the SGPA1 indicator reveal that in 2010 Brazil allocated the equivalent of 30 billion BRL to the development of the biofuel sector and the United States, $10 billion.

Beyond its geostrategic importance, the example demonstrates that soybean agricultural policies implemented by States to strengthen the capacity and competitiveness of their agricultural sector are radically different from those prevailing just after the Second World War. And it is also essential that the monitoring indicators follow the same trend. These policies are now based on multiple channels of public support for the agricultural sector, both at the supply level and with the consumption of domestic agricultural products in food form and energy form.

It is therefore important to assess upstream tensions likely to affect the oilseeds sector, especially soybeans, in order to implement policies and adapted regulatory mechanisms, but also and above all to be able to account for these new government strategies to support the agricultural sector, which will only strengthen in the years to come. The SGPA indicator was designed precisely for this purpose.

1 The SGPA indicator maps out all public, budgetary, extra-budgetary support to all agricultural activities within a nomenclature broken down in ten categories, from direct support coupled to production to support of a strategic nature.
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Paris, 25 June 2019