A new vision for agriculture
momagri, movement for a world agricultural organization, is a think tank chaired by Christian Pèes.
It brings together, managers from the agricultural world and important people from external perspectives,
such as health, development, strategy and defense. Its objective is to promote regulation
of agricultural markets by creating new evaluation tools, such as economic models and indicators,
and by drawing up proposals for an agricultural and international food policy.
A look at the news

25 years after the fall of the Berlin Wall,
the world continues to evolve

November 10, 2014

Five years ago momagri was evaluating the challenges of global economic governance, 20 years after the (Pyrrhic?) victory of capitalism over communism1, as the world emerged wounded from the economic and financial crisis and its impact on global and national equilibrium. On 9th November we celebrated the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, and the world continues to evolve.

In the new geopolitical situation marked by multifaceted threats, trade and financial flows have changed, especially since the last economic crisis. The settings that favoured the emergence of globalization are cracking, such as the failure of the Doha Round. New regional groups are trying to extricate themselves. One is reminded particularly of BRICS, as multilateral free trade partnerships outside traditional frameworks (WTO, IMF ...) are experiencing a real boom.

In terms of ideology, the lines have also moved. If Francis Fukuyama recently sent the Wall Street Journal his views on the permanence of the virtues of liberal democratic model 25 years after the fall of the Wall and the publication of his essay on the “end of history”, the iconoclastic visions on the absolute benefits of free trade have been multiplying for a decade.

This is especially true for agriculture and food security. Many of the ultra-liberal assumptions still held by some heads of international organizations like the WTO are now being eroded.

The extreme financialization of agricultural markets and the erratic and out of control development for the past twenty years of OTC markets, led to excessive speculation in these markets, with as a consequence hyper-volatility of food prices which were at the origin of the food crisis of 2007/2008. So, the idea that the “invisible hand” alone would regulate markets has proved not only unrealistic but dangerous for agriculture and food security.

Along with this awareness of imperfect markets and the business models that underline them, over the past few years, the strategic and specific nature of agriculture has been increasingly claimed.

This raises the question of the role of agriculture and food security in the context of global economic governance, the contours of which are taking form but remain unclear. A strategic sidekick, a variable for adjustment or a veritable engine of growth and development? Some agricultural powers have already made their choice, without falling into the reverse excess of protectionism. Since the fall of the Wall, Europe has struggled to build itself as a leading power. Its agriculture is suffering from a lack of political will and an agricultural policy that ultimately divides rather than unites.

Thais is why, in the face of increasingly numerous and significant threats since the end of the bipolar system imposed by the cold war, it is now time for Europe to give importance to the imperative for food security and to ensure its political independence, its global reach and its contribution to international cooperation.

The momagri analysis is available from http://www.momagri.org/UK/editos/20-ans-apres%85-Les-defis-d-un-nouveau-capitalisme_581.html

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Paris, 25 June 2019